SELECTED IDEAS OF BUCKMINSTER FULLER
TETRAHEDRA: GEOMETRY
MINIMUM TETRAHEDRA = QUARK MODEL

Fuller discovered that the minimum shape that will compound with itself to fill all space is an irregular tetrahedron which he called the "MiTe" (minimum tetrahedron).

And since energy as matter must have some kind of shape, & the minimum "thing" or shape (system) is a tetrahedron, his mite must be what the atomic physicists call a "quark"!

All systems must have certain basic properties:
1) Clockwise or counter-clockwise rotation or spin;
2) Opposite poles (with north either "up" or "down";
3) Various volumes or energy contents ( + & - charges);
4) An inside and an outside.
CG = Center of Gravity

In addition, tetrahedra have the unique property of being able to easily turn themselves inside out to display eight (8) different faces.

Therefore, in light of all of the above, it is possible to construct a quark chart listing all the various combinations of the above properties.

This chart predicts a total of thirty-two (32) basic quarks (8 families, not 6) plus 32 inside-out versions (antiquarks) for a total of 64 quarks.

For further information see:
Synergetics R Buckminster Fuller sections 400.43, 953.00 & pp.804-6 1975
Synergetics II " sections 986.422-5 & 1052.360 1979

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