BUCKMINSTER FULLER BIBLIOGRAPHY
BOOKS RELEVANT TO FULLER
TABLE OF CONTENTS

- THE ECOLOGICAL CONTEXT -
- by John McHale, 1970 -
- Preface and Acknowledgements v
I                                The Ecological Context 1
A An Overview 7
chart 01 Sources of Air Pollution in USA. 1966 10
02 World Production of Fossil Fuels & Carbon Dioxide Produced, 1860-1950 11
03 Water Use in USA, 1900-1980 13
04 Average Composition of Municipal Refuse 14
05 Biological Magnification of DDT: 10 Million Times 16
B The Values Questions 21
06 Estimated Annual Housing Needs in Africa, Asia, and Latin America, 1960 and 1975 23
07 Eight International Indicators: Developed vs Underdeveloped Countries 24
08 Eight Principal Causes of Death: Developed vs Underdeveloped Countries 25
09a Nine Alternative Social Costs 27
09b Military Personnel: Average Cost Per Person in Six Countries "
II Man in the Biosphere 29
10 The Earth's Biosphere 30
11 Man's Increasing Vertical Mobility 32
12 The Photosynthesis Process and the Hydrogen/Oxygen Cycles 33
13 Photosynthetic Energy Conversion 34
14a The Global Energy Balance 36
14b Generalized Bio-Energy Flow in the Biomass Food Chain "

A

The Physical Environment 40
15 Flow Chart of Human and Environ Systems 41
16 Earth's Surface: Per Cents of Land and Water 42
17 Proportion of Land Use: World and Eight Regions 43
18 The Hydrosphere Flow Chart 46
19 Ocean Food Chain: Fish and Fish Products 48

B

The Major Environ Cycles 49
20 World Hydrological Cycle 50
21 World Carbon Cycle 52
22 World Carbon Dioxide Balance 53
23 The Nitrogen Biogeochemical Cycle 55
24 World Fertilizer Consumption, 1960-1966 56

C

The Human Systems 59
25 Flow Chart of Human/Environ Systems 60
26 Elements in Modern Man 62
27 Medical Advances, 1900-1960 64
28 Life Expectancies, Neanderthal Man to 1965 65
29 Man's Increase of Knowledge: Time, Space, Energy and the Electromagnetic Spectrum 68
30 Shrinking of Our Planet by Man's Increased Travel & Communication Speeds 71
31 The knowledge Industry, 1440-2000 73
32 The Electromagnetic Spectrum 76

D

The Technological Systems 77
33 Geological Time Table, 6 Billion Years Ago until Now 78
34 Man's Increased Knowledge: Space and Time 80
35 Stages of Technology 82
36 The Speed of Change, 1720-1960 84
37 The Progress of Computer Technique in Twelve Countries, 1965 85
38a Labor Force Shift in Seven Sectors of a Typical Advanced Economy 87
38b Degree of Industrialization in USA, Western Europe and USSR 89
III Population and Food 90
39 World Population Areas (on Fuller Projection) 93
40 World Population Growth, 1000-2000 95
41 Calories Per Capita, Per Day in Eight Regions 98
42 World Consumption of Protein in Eight Regions 100
43 Gross Food Needs and Requirements, 1975-2000 101
44 World Marine Food Catch 102
45a Fertilizer Consumption and Population in Five Regions, 1964-65 104
45b Comparison of Fertilizer Consumption in Eight Countries "
IV Energy 106
46 The Earth's Energy Flux 107
47 World Energy Flow Sheet, 1964 108

A

Major Energy Sources 111

48

Human Affairs in Time Perspective (Hubbert Peak), -10,000 to +10,000 Years from Now 112

B

Present Energy Use Distributions 113
49 Renewable and Nonrenewable Energy Sources 114
50 The World's Major Energy Sources, 1865-1965 115
51 World Population/Energy, 1950-2000 117
52 Projected World Energy Consumption, 1960 and 2000 119
53 World Energy Resources Used in 1964 120
54 World Consumption of Fuels, 1850-2000 122
55 A Measure of Total Reserves "

C

Resource and Use Diversification 123
56 Potential Marine Energy Sources 124
57 Tidal Power Sites: Potential Annual Energy 125
58 Growth of Nuclear Power, 1960-1980 127
59 World Nuclear Power, 1956-1970 129

D

Energy Conversion Efficiency "
60 Energy Conversion Efficiencies, 1698-1955 131
61 Energy Systems Flow Charts 133
V Materials 136
62 Relative Abundance of Metals 137
63 Materials Per Person, 1966, 1983 and 2000 141

A

Key Metals 143
64 Nine Selected metals of the World, 1963 144
65 Steel Consumption/Production Trends, 1955-1965 147
66 Comparison of Eleven Construction Materials "

B

Other Key Metals 150

C

Metal Reserves and Future Uses 153

67

Population/Materials: projected Consumption 154

D

The Synthesis of Materials 156
68 Plastics, 1925-1965 157
69 Composite Materials, 1900-1980 "
70 Materials Replaced by Plastics, 1956-1976 159
71 Materials Usage in Industry, 1950-1974 161
72 World Production of Major Minerals and Metals by Country, 1968 162
VI Ecological Redesign 166
73 Closed Ecological Systems Flow Charts 167
74 Packaging Costs of Selected Products 169
75 Growth in One-Way Bottle Use, 1958-1969 "
76 The Iron and Steel Scrap Industry, 1885-1965 171
77 Iron and Steel Production and Scrap Recycling in USA, 1964 and 1975 173
78 Weight Distribution and Scrap Recycling of a 1966 Plymouth Car 174
VII Selected Reading Lists 175
A General "
B Man in the Biosphere "
C The Physical Environment 176
D The Human Systems 177
E Population and Food 179
F Energy 180
G Materials 181
H Ecological Redesign 183
VIII Chart Reference Lists 184
- (no index) -

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